In the mid-1980s, after the collapse of law and order, extremist Shi‘ite Muslims in Lebanon began taking Westerners prisoner in Beirut, including the Britons John McCarthy and Brian Keenan. As many as twenty-six were at one time held hostage by the Iranian-backed extremists, and though most were released after several years, three Britons died. The forced detention of these alleged ‘spies’ and ‘subversives’ led to a Syrian invasion, which attempted to restore authority but did not succeed in releasing the hostages. In the USA, the consequences were the Iran-Contra affair and its offshoot, the ‘Arms for Hostages’ scandal. In the UK, Terry Waite, the Archbishop of Canterbury’s envoy, was despatched to Beirut to negotiate with the kidnappers but was himself taken hostage. By the late 1990s, all the surviving hostages had been released.

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hostages — Persons taken by an individual or organized group in order to force a state, government unit, or community to meet certain conditions: payment of ransom, release of prisoners, or some other act. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law …   Law dictionary

  • Hostages — From the time of Alfred to that of Cnut and later, hostages were taken and given. They were intended to be a sign of good faith regarding a treaty; their death resulted from any breach. A hostage could be a child or a knight of some importance.… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Hostages Of Ayatollah — Gründung 1981 Auflösung 1989 Genre Hardcore Punk Website Letzte Besetzung vor der Auflösung Gesang Jah …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hostages of the Ultralum — (Otages de l Ultralum) Publisher Dargaud Date 1996 Series …   Wikipedia

  • Hostages of Ayatollah — H.O.A. live in Berlin 1985 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hostages to fortune — 1. The people or things one values most (from Bacon s essay Of Marriage and Single Life) 2. Hence, things of which the loss would be particularly painful 3. (in sing) a remark that might expose one to attack in the future • • • Main Entry:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hostages (video game) — Infobox VG title = Hostages developer = Infogrames publisher = Infogrames, Superior Software distributor = designer = engine = version = released = 1988 genre = modes = Single player ratings = platforms = Acorn Electron, Acorn Archimedes, Amiga,… …   Wikipedia

  • Hostages Trial — NOTOC The Hostages Trial (or, officially, The United States of America vs. Wilhelm List, et al. ) was held from 8 July, 1947 until 19 February, 1948 and was the seventh of the twelve trials for war crimes the U.S. authorities held in their… …   Wikipedia

  • Hostages of the Deep — Infobox Television episode Title = Hostages of the Deep Series = Stingray Season = 1 Episode= 37 Airdate= 13 June 1965 Production= 4 Writer = Alan Fennell Director= Desmond Saunders Episode List= List of Stingray episodes Prev = The Golden Sea… …   Wikipedia

  • Hostages of Hate — infobox Book | name = Hostages of Hate title orig = translator = image caption = author = Franklin W. Dixon illustrator = cover artist = Morgan Kane country = United States language = English series = The Hardy Boys Casefiles genre = publisher =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”